Strategic Map of Italy
On 2 March 1796 General Bonaparte is appointed commander in chief of the Army of Italy.
The campaign in Italy has ground to a halt, and the French army is a low state of morale.
Despite the daunting task ahead of him, the young Bonaparte is determined to take the initiative and destroy the combined Sardinian/Austrian army he faces.
The French army of 60,000 men hold a narrow strip of coast from Savona to Genoa.
General Colli commands 30,000 Sardinians who hold the northern towns of Turin and Alessandria.
General Beaulieu has just arrived at Mortara with 30,000 Austrians with orders to join forces with Colli and drive the French out of Italy.
General Beaulieu has two divisions
Their supply base is at Mortana
They have orders to march to Allesandria and join forces with Colli
2nd Austrian division commanded by Sebottendorf is at Mortara
3rd Austrian division commanded by Argenteau is also at Mortara
General Colli has two divisions
Their supply base is Turin
They have orders to hold Fossano and Alessandria until the Austrians arrive
1st Sardinian division commanded by Brempt is at Fossano
2nd Sardinian division commanded by Provera is at Alessandria
French Army of Italy
Bonaparte’s plan of battle is to attack and defeat the Sardinians before the Austrians can come to their assistance.
He is aware that the Sardinian army is deployed to cover Turin and Alessandria, but is not aware of their exact locations.
French supply depot is at Albenga and Genoa
3rd French division commanded by Massena is at Genova
4th French division commanded by Argereau is at Albenga
5th French division commanded by Serurier is at Mondovi
6th French division commanded by Laharpe is in reserve at Savona